tft lcd panel interface brands

Asia has long dominated the display module TFT LCD manufacturers’ scene. After all, most major display module manufacturers can be found in countries like China, South Korea, Japan, and India.

In this post, we’ll list down 7 best display module TFT LCD manufacturers in the USA. We’ll see why these companies deserve recognition as top players in the American display module industry.

STONE Technologies is a leading display module TFT LCD manufacturer in the world. The company is based in Beijing, China, and has been in operations since 2010. STONE quickly grew to become one of the most trusted display module manufacturers in 14 years.

Now, let’s move on to the list of the best display module manufacturers in the USA. These companies are your best picks if you need to find a display module TFT LCD manufacturer based in the United States:

Planar Systems is a digital display company headquartered in Hillsboro, Oregon. It specializes in providing digital display solutions such as LCD video walls and large format LCD displays.

Microtips Technology is a global electronics manufacturer based in Orlando, Florida. The company was established in 1990 and has grown into a strong fixture in the LCD industry.

What makes Microtips a great display module TFT LCD manufacturer in the USA lies in its close ties with all its customers. It does so by establishing a good rapport with its clients starting from the initial product discussions. Microtips manages to keep this exceptional rapport throughout the entire client relationship by:

Displaytech is an American display module TFT LCD manufacturer headquartered in Carlsbad, California. It was founded in 1989 and is part of several companies under the Seacomp group. The company specializes in manufacturing small to medium-sized LCD modules for various devices across all possible industries.

The company also manufactures embedded TFT devices, interface boards, and LCD development boards. Also, Displaytech offers design services for embedded products, display-based PCB assemblies, and turnkey products.

Displaytech makes it easy for clients to create their own customized LCD modules. There is a feature called Design Your Custom LCD Panel found on their site. Clients simply need to input their specifications such as their desired dimensions, LCD configuration, attributes, connector type, operating and storage temperature, and other pertinent information. Clients can then submit this form to Displaytech to get feedback, suggestions, and quotes.

A vast product range, good customization options, and responsive customer service – all these factors make Displaytech among the leading LCD manufacturers in the USA.

Products that Phoenix Display offers include standard, semi-custom, and fully-customized LCD modules. Specifically, these products comprise Phoenix Display’s offerings:

Clients flock to Phoenix Display because of their decades-long experience in the display manufacturing field. The company also combines its technical expertise with its competitive manufacturing capabilities to produce the best possible LCD products for its clients.

True Vision Displays is an American display module TFT LCD manufacturing company located at Cerritos, California. It specializes in LCD display solutions for special applications in modern industries. Most of their clients come from highly-demanding fields such as aerospace, defense, medical, and financial industries.

The company produces several types of TFT LCD products. Most of them are industrial-grade and comes in various resolution types such as VGA, QVGA, XGA, and SXGA. Clients may also select product enclosures for these modules.

All products feature high-bright LCD systems that come from the company’s proprietary low-power LED backlight technology. The modules and screens also come in ruggedized forms perfect for highly-demanding outdoor industrial use.

LXD Incorporated is among the earliest LCD manufacturers in the world. The company was founded in 1968 by James Fergason under the name International Liquid Xtal Company (ILIXCO). Its first headquarters was in Kent, Ohio. At present, LXD is based in Raleigh, North Carolina.

We’ve listed the top 7 display module TFT LCD manufacturers in the USA. All these companies may not be as well-known as other Asian manufacturers are, but they are equally competent and can deliver high-quality display products according to the client’s specifications. Contact any of them if you need a US-based manufacturer to service your display solutions needs.

We also briefly touched on STONE Technologies, another excellent LCD module manufacturer based in China. Consider partnering with STONE if you want top-of-the-line smart LCD products and you’re not necessarily looking for a US-based manufacturer. STONE will surely provide the right display solution for your needs anywhere you are on the globe.

tft lcd panel interface brands

A TFT, or Thin-Film Transistor, utilizes a display that allows for each pixel to be controlled by a transistor and separately address each position. The components of a TFT LCD module are a TFT LCD panel, one or more COG or COB driver ICs, a backlight, and an interface. An interface is a shared boundary across which two separate components of a computer system exchange information. As TFT displays have started being mass produced, production has improved, and the price has become more affordable.

There are now a number of TFT display interface technologies. The best interface to choose relies on particular end-product considerations. The last several years have seen the development of numerous TFT display interfaces, including LVDS (Low-Voltage Differential Signaling), parallel, SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface), and I2C or I2C (also known as I squared C) display, and others.

An SPI or Serial Peripheral Interface enables data exchange between two devices. Compared to parallel ones, it has the benefit of more intuitive and simple wiring. Since there is substantially less contact or crosstalk in the cable, SPI also allows for longer cables. The disadvantage of SPI is that it is slow and only allows for writing to the TFT LCD panel. SPI is typically used in smaller TFT LCD screens because of this. But perhaps your project might require a built-in LCD controller, for which an MCU Parallel interface might be a good fit.

An MCUPI or an MCU Parallel interface is usually pretty simple and usually requires display RAM. There are two common types that are found; the first is 6800, and the other is 8080. 8080 is nRD and nWR, 6800 is RD/nWR and E. A unique sort of parallel interface is the RGB interface. There is no need for display RAM. The MCU directly updates the TFT screen by delivering Red, Green, and Blue sub-pixel data (16/18/24 bits) and timing signals. The RGB interface offers a high-speed connection but requires more data cables and has more complicated controls.

A high-speed serial interface between a host CPU and a display module called MIPI Display Serial Interface allows for the integration of displays to provide high performance, low power, and low electromagnetic interference (EMI) while also lowering the number of pins and retaining vendor compatibility. Designers can use MIPI DSI to provide transmission of stereoscopic content and to enable excellent color rendering for the most demanding picture and video situations.

Low-voltage differential signaling, or LVDS, is a high-speed, long-distance digital interface that transmits serial data (one bit at a time) through two copper wires that are 180 degrees apart from one another. This setup makes the noise easier to identify and filter, which lowers noise emissions. Focus LCDs offers a versatile display that uses this technology, E70RA-HW520-C. The monitor in question is a 7.0" TFT with 1024x600 pixels and a maximum color depth of 16.7M. The inbuilt gate and source driver ICs in this display can be programmed using a typical graphics controller.

HDMI is one that many consumers may already be familiar with. High Definition Media Interface provides a connector and cable definition that supports high-bandwidth video and audio streams. HDMI is an almost direct replacement for analog video standards.

There are then a diverse set of interfaces that can be considered for your display project; whether you decide to go with HDMI, LVDS, MIPI DSI, or the others mentioned, or simply can"t decide, feel free to contact Focus LCDs, where we can address use-case specific questions and provide additional details.

tft lcd panel interface brands

This new range of TFT LCD displays with unique characteristics come with the standard interfaces including MiPi, SPI, RGB, DisplayPort and eDP. However, to aid our customers and increase our flexibility of interfacing we are also offering proprietary interface boards which allow you to simply interface via the HDMI / USBC inputs. If you would like more information on this interface board, then please just contact us.

On one side, it pushes the video to the LCD layer but on the other side, it processes the video, decides what the best brightness should be for each and every section of the LCD (divided into zones) based upon the image that is on it. Then it tells each LED what brightness to be for optimisation. The result is that the blacks are darker, the whites are brighter, and everything in between is more in tune with what they should be. And this is happening 60 times per second, wow, what a performance for optimization process!

You can achieve true HDR (High-dynamic-range) and can exceed HDR1000* specs.  The dynamic contrast ratio is virtually unlimited and as you can see can reach 10 Million to one (10M:1) and you can achieve peak brightness that’s daylight readable but have the colour and brightness depth of an OLED display.  We are seeing great interest in these displays in areas such as broadcast, medical and automotive industries as they value the quality of the image and performance that standard TFTs cannot offer.

tft lcd panel interface brands

Founded in 2006, ONation is a professional LCM manufacturer in Taiwan focused on small to medium size LCD modules. Targeting the industrial application market, ONation is constantly on the quest for making innovative and quality displays.

With the ever changing technology, ONation progresses continuously towards development of new products and technology. Starting from TN, STN, CSTN, to TFT and AM-OLED display, ONation has evolved with the display technologies as well as provided customized solutions.

In addition to the standard display lineup, integrated control boards and touch panel solutions are also avaliable and can be customized to fit specific requirements. Moreover, optical characteristics enhancement service is also available.

ONation Corporation is actively engaged in providing constant quality work to customers in Japan, Taiwan, European, and US customers. The level of quality in all our commitments is our most important competitive mean and will give us satisfied customers in the industrial, specialized, and customized LCD market. We always strive to deliver faultless, functional, user-friendly and environmental adapted products to fulfill expectations and requirements.

tft lcd panel interface brands

TFT LCDs have become the norm for small-to-medium size displays in a variety of products within industrial, medical, POS and consumer applications. Compared to passive-addressed monochrome LCDs, TFT displays offer higher contrast, wider viewing angles, faster response time and full color. And, TFT LCDs are now on cost parity with similar size passive LCD displays.

A typical TFT LCD module product consists of a TFT LCD panel, one or more COG (chip-on-glass) driver ICs, a backlight unit, and an interface FPC. Several TFT display interface technologies coexist today. Picking the right technology depends on specific end-product concerns. Most often the display panel input will dictate that choice since TFT panels are designed to be COG bonding pad compatible with a very limited number of driver ICs. This article discusses the interfaces between TFT LCD modules and the typical CPUs found in embedded applications.

Typical TFT interfaces are determined by the particular TFT panel size and resolution, as shown in the below table. HDMI and eDP require interface converting boards and generally are not used for small to medium-size TFT LCDs.TFT LCD SizesResolutionsTypical Interfaces UsedUp to 3.5″128×160 to 240×320SPI, parallel MPU or RGB

The LCD controller signals are two types: data signals and control signals. The data signals are connected to the LCD data bus and depend on the LCD color depth (8-bit, 9-bit, 16-bit, 18-bit). The control signals are used to define the operation type (read or write), and whether the operation involves in addressing LCD registers or the display RAM.

An RGB interface is a special kind of parallel interface. This interface works for displays without a frame buffer. The MCU is responsible for updating the display, by providing both the RGB sub-pixel data (16-bit, 18-bit, 24-bit) and the timing signals (HSYNC, VSYNC, DE, CLK).

LVDS interfacing has several benefits for TFT displays. It is much less susceptible to EMI and crosstalk issues, allowing the transmitting device to be located farther from the display. Also, LVDS generally consumes less power, pin counts are lower and there are far fewer worries about signal integrity.

High-speed serial interface commonly used on smartphones and tablets. By standardizing this interface, components may be developed that provide higher performance, lower power, less electromagnetic interference and fewer pins than current devices, while maintaining compatibility across products from multiple vendors.

Modern TFT driver ICs are highly integrated chips combining the source driver, gate driver and timing controller (TCON) – as well as other functional circuits such as memory, power circuit, and image processors – into one single IC die. Some driver ICs support multiple interfaces that are selectable on the module FPC or through initialization code firmware.

As a designer and manufacturer of custom LCD modules, New Vision Display works with customers to select the most appropriate and cost-effective TFT display and electronic interface solution for their particular requirement. New Vision Display has nearly 30 years of industry experience as one of the world’s leading TFT LCD screen manufacturers.

tft lcd panel interface brands

Orient Display sunlight readable TFT displays can be categorized into high brightness TFT displays, high contrast IPS displays, transflective TFT displays, Blanview TFT displays etc.

The brightness of our standard high brightness TFT displays can be from 700 to 1000 nits. With proper adding brightness enhancement film (BEF) and double brightness enhancement film (DBEF) and adjustment of the LED chips, Orient Display high brightness TFT products can achieve 1,500 to 2,000 nits or even higher luminance. Orient Display have special thermal management design to reduce the heat release and largely extend LED life time and reduce energy consumption.

Our high contrast and wide viewing angle IPS displays can achieve contrast ratio higher than 1000:1 which can make readability under strong sunlight with lower backlight luminance. High brightness IPS displays have been widely accepted by our customers with its superb display quality and it has become one of the best sellers in all our display category.Transflective display is an old monochrome display technology but it has been utilized in our color TFT line for sunlight readable application. Orient Display has 2.4” and 3.5” to choose from.

Blanview TFT displays are the new technology developed by Ortustech in Japan. It can provide around 40% of energy consumption for TFT panels which can use smaller rechargeable or disposable batteries and generate less heat. The price is also lower than traditional transflective TFT displays. Orient Display is partnering with the technology inventor to provide 4.3” and 5.0”.

Touch panels have been a much better human machine interface which become widely popular. Orient Display has been investing heavy for capacitive touch screen sensor manufacturing capacity. Now, Orient Display factory is No.1 in the world for automotive capacitive touch screen which took around 18% market share in the world automotive market.

Based on the above three types of touch panel technology, Orient Display can also add different kinds of features like different material glove touch, water environment touch, salt water environment touch, hover touch, 3D (force) touch, haptic touch etc. Orient Display can also provide from very low cost fixed area button touch, single (one) finger touch, double finger (one finger+ one gesture) touch, 5 finger touch, 10 points touch or even 16 points touch.

Considering the different shapes of the touch surface requirements, Orient Display can produce different shapes of 2D touch panel (rectangle, round, octagon etc.), or 2.5D touch screen (round edge and flat surface) or 3D (totally curved surface) touch panel.

Considering different strength requirements, Orient Display can provide low cost chemical tampered soda-lime glass, Asahi (AGC) Dragontrail glass and Corning high end Gorilla glass. With different thickness requirement, Orient Display can provide the thinnest 0.5mm OGS touch panel, to thickness more than 10mm tempered glass to prevent vandalizing, or different kinds of plastic touch panel to provide glass piece free (fear) or flexible substrates need.

Of course, Orient Display can also offer traditional RTP (Resistive Touch Panel) of 4-wire, 5-wire, 8-wire through our partners, which Orient Display can do integration to resistive touch screen displays.

Engineers are always looking for lower cost, faster, more convenient interfaces to transmit signals and to accept data and commands. The numbers of available interfaces available in the market can be dazzling. Orient Display follows market trends to produce various kind of interfaces for our customers to choose.

Genetic Interfaces: Those are the interfaces which display or touch controller manufacturers provide, including parallel, MCU, SPI(,Serial Peripheral Interface), I2C, RGB (Red Green Blue), MIPI (Mobile Industry Processor Interface), LVDS (Low-Voltage Differential Signaling), eDP ( Embedded DisplayPort) etc. Orient Display has technologies to make the above interface exchangeable.

High Level Interfaces: Orient Display has technologies to make more advanced interfaces which are more convenient to non-display engineers, such as RS232, RS485, USB, VGA, HDMI etc. more information can be found in our serious products. TFT modules, Arduino TFT display, Raspberry Pi TFT display, Control Board.

tft lcd panel interface brands

Our new line of 10.1” TFT displays with IPS technology are now available! These 10.1” IPS displays offer three interface options to choose from including RGB, LVDS, and HDMI interface, each with two touchscreen options as capacitive or without a touchscreen.

The new line of 3.5” TFT displays with IPS technology is now available! Three touchscreen options are available: capacitive, resistive, or without a touchscreen.

tft lcd panel interface brands

STONE Tech is a manufacturer of HMI display modules (Intelligent TFT LCD). We provide LCD modules/LCD Display, Graphic LCM, smart Display LCD, TFT LCM, Custom LCD Module Display…

tft lcd panel interface brands

Get rich colors, detailed images, and bright graphics from an LCD with a TFT screen. Our standard Displaytech TFT screens start at 1” through 7” in diagonal size and have a variety of display resolutions to select from. Displaytech TFT displays meet the needs for products within industrial, medical, and consumer applications.

TFT displays are LCD modules with thin-film transistor technology. The TFT display technology offers full color RGB showcasing a range of colors and hues. These liquid crystal display panels are available with touchscreen capabilities, wide viewing angles, and bright luminance for high contrast.

Our TFT displays have LVDS, RGB, SPI, and MCU interfaces. All Displaytech TFT LCD modules include an LED backlight, FPC, driver ICs, and the LCD panel.

We offer resistive and capacitive touch screens for our 2.8” and larger TFT modules. Our TFT panels have a wide operating temperature range to suit a variety of environments. All Displaytech LCDs are RoHS compliant.

We also offer semi-customization to our standard TFT screens. This is a cost-optimized solution to make a standard product better suit your application’s needs compared to selecting a fully custom TFT LCD. Customizations can focus on cover glass, mounting / enclosures, and more - contact us to discuss your semi-custom TFT solution.

tft lcd panel interface brands

A wide variety of tft display serial interface options are available to you, You can also choose from tft, ips and standard tft display serial interface,

tft lcd panel interface brands

We will organize the kinds of display interfaces we offer, and how they differ. You will get to know what kind of external and internal interfaces we have and what are their main applications.

First, let us start with dividing internal and external interfaces in LCD modules. Internal interface of display means it used inside the device. Those are usually the embedded interfaces that are not visible, and we do not have access to them as the users of the device. External interfaces, on the other hand, are connected to the device using a cable. Once we have defined internal and external interfaces, both of these categories come as universal or image transfer interfaces.

A protocol defines the rules of information exchange, where the interface is the medium. The example here could be the language. When I use my voice to communicate with other people, my voice is an interface. Over this interface my voice is being sent to other people’s ears, and the protocol is the language used. Right now, I am using the English protocol. If you understand the protocol, you understand what I am saying. If I switch to a different language, Polish or some other language that you do not understand, you have the same interface, you will still hear me, but because of a different protocol, you do not understand me anymore. In this article we will talk only about interfaces, how to connect devices to each other. We will not focus on protocols.

Let’s try to get the interfaces right. For internal interfaces, interfaces embedded into the device, we have universal interfaces and image transfer interfaces. Universal display interface can send other data, not only an image. Being universal, they are not perfect for image transfer, because in most of the displays used nowadays, the image transfer is one of the most demanding. The bit rate, the data transfer needed for the image transfer is rather high. Higher that many universal interfaces can offer. If we need to send an image every once in a while, then we don’t need very high bandwidth. If we do not need live video stream, then we can use some of the internal universal interfaces such as SPI, I2C or even slow interfaces as RS232 or UART.

The first universal interface will be SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface). This interface is serial, used for communication between a host, in SPI called a Master, and devices called Slaves. One host can communicate with many slaves. To select the Slave, we use the Chip select or SS line and then we use two data lines, Master output or Master input. And of course we have to define the clock, to synchronize the data, because this is a clock synchronized interface.

It can be fast but is not fast enough for live video. The baud rate can be 1 MBd, but it can also be 10 MBd or even 50 MBd on the SPI or QSPI. QSPI is a Quad SPI, a kind of modification of SPI that is faster. But still this interface is very universal, we can use it to connect memory or some input and outputs internally in our device. In the display universe the SPI is used for simple displays, for small size displays, where we can transfer the image relatively fast, because the resolution is low. The maximum size for SPI display interface would be 3.5 inch, 320 by 240 pixel TFT displays. If we have higher resolution, image transfer will be too slow to use SPI even with a high-speed SPI.

Next, we have the I2C interface. This kind of interface is usually slower than SPI. It uses only two lines, so one is a clock for synchronization, and the other one is the data line. This data line is bidirectional. It means that if in SPI we have two data lines, one outgoing and one incoming, then in an I2C interface we have only one data line.

If, for example, the Master is sending some data, the only thing Slaves can do is to receive it. And then we need to wait a little bit for the Master to finish. We can then respond as Slave to Master. In I2C Slave selection works a little bit different than in SPI, where  we had a Chip Select line (CS line) or SS line to select from. In I2C we first need to send the logical address to the interface that is being written by Slaves. In general, this procedure is slow and universal interface used also to connect the simple memory and some other I2S that we have around our microcontroller on the PCB. It is very useful, but usually not used for image transfer. This interface is very popular in the display world for touchscreens. Most of the embedded touch screens that we use have I2C interface because the touchscreen does not generate many data. We only have coordinates of the finger or few fingers at most, that need to be sent back to the microcontroller, to the device processor. The slow baud rate is good enough for the touchscreen, but not enough for the image.

The next interface, a very old one nowadays, is RS232. This is also a serial, slow interface, which can be used internally in the device or externally. On the picture above we can see the external connectors, but it is still being used internally because it has a variation – UART.

The UART is basically the same as RS232, but it is a fully internal interface. It is pretty slow. We have a TX line and a RX line – a Transmit Line and a Receive Line. We do not have a clock here, we only have a clock to synchronize the device internally, but the clock signal is not sent out. So, we need to synchronize the data that is coming through the lines and to do that we need to set the same baud rate on both sides of the communication line. That means that before we use UART we need to agree first what speed we will use.

That is not a case for SPI or I2C, because we have a clock there that gives the speed to every device. Then each device works according to the clock. In UART we do not have a clock. It is rather not used for image transfer. The UART, or SPI, or I2C can be used for low resolution displays. For high resolution displays we need an Intelligent Display, a display that will generate the image internally and through these slow universal interfaces we only send commands, or we send the image once, the image is being stored into the internal memory of the intelligent display, that we will use later sending the commands. You can find Riverdi’s intelligent display line on our website:

These Riverdi products are very advanced Intelligent Displays, made with Bridgetek controllers. The controllers use SPI and QSPI for communication. That means your software, your system, your microcontroller can be simple. You can use SPI interface to drive them, and you can still have high resolution image, even as high as 1280 by 800 pixels in 10.1-inch LCD displays. So, please remember that if you want to use a slow universal interface and have a high-resolution image, you need to use an Intelligent Display.

There are also the internal image transfer interfaces. The image transfer interface allows continuous high speed image transfer. Internal transfer is high enough to refresh the display many times per second. This is called the refresh rate of a display. When you go to a display, monitor, or TV set specification, you will see  refresh rate or maximum refresh rate parameter. If it’s 60 Hertz, that means the display image is refreshed 60 times per second. More advanced displays would have higher values, like 100 Hertz. The refresh rate means we need to send full image 60 times or 100 times in each second. To visualize this amount of data, we need to multiply refresh rate by the resolution of the screen. For example, for a 7-inch Riverdi LVDS display with resolution 1024 by 600 it is roughly 600 thousand pixels.

The most common internal image transfer interface in industrial LCD displays nowadays is LVDS – Low Voltage Differential Signal. A crucial feature of this interface is that it is differential. It means that the signal is immune to interference and we can use a twisted pair of wires to transfer the data. We can send data fast and it will not be corrupt by any noise, interference. This kind of data corruption is quite common in other interfaces.

The next, older image transfer interface is called RGB. Name comes from the colors sent parallelly to the display: red, green and blue. LVDS is a serial interface and the RGB is a parallel interface. The main difference is that RGB is not differential, so it is easier to disturb signal with noise and you configure the speed of this interface too high. Parallel interface means that we send every bit in a separate line. In theory this interface could be fast, but because it is not differential, the transfer speed is limited. Moreover, the RGB display interface will work with rather small screen sizes –  usually up to 7-inch or 10-inch.

12 inch screen size is the total maximum for a LCD display with RGB interface, but the resolution will be lower, like 800 by 600. For this display size it is very low resolution. This is the reason why the 7-inch is size above which the LCD displays are being switched from RGB to LVDS interface. Among Riverdi products (if you go to the Riverdi website and to the IPS display tab), there are displays without the controller, and the small displays like 3.5-inch, 4.3-inch and 5-inch are equipped with RGB interface. But when you go to the 7-inch LCD displays tab on Riverdi website, you will find RGB, LVDS and MIPI displays. But when you go to the 10-inch or bigger displays, you will only find the LVDS displays because our 10-inch LCD displays are high resolution 1280 by 800, and it is impossible to build it with the RGB interface.

MIPI – Mobile Industry Processor Interface – is an internally embedded image transfer interface, getting popular these days. This kind of interface is used in mobile applications, tablets or mobile phones, but it is entering as an option in industrial applications. In Riverdi we offer 7-inch MIPI displays, but please be careful with other MIPI displays on the market. Many come from mobile phones or tablet market. Also, the TFT glass availability may not be stable as the mobile market changes really fast, every six months or every year. When you buy a 7-inch Riverdi MIPI interface display you are safe, because it is an industrial display.

This is why we have a limited number of displays with MIPI interface – we want to be sure that what we sale will be available for a long time. Longevity is one of Riverdi’s core values and we do not want to deliver anything that will not be supported for a minimum 3 to 5 years. It is because many of our customers are making industrial, medical or military devices and they need displays to be available long-term.

Next interface is the Vx1. It is similar to LVDS  and MIPI, so it’s low voltage differential signal. Vx1 is a very high-speed interface, usually used in large high-resolution screens, like 55-inch 4K TVs or even larger ones. If you buy this kind of a TV set right now, probably the embedded interface inside will be the Vx1.

Key takeaway: Vx1 is a super-fast interface used for high bandwidth image transfer, with high refresh rate and high-resolution displays, used in 4K screens and above.

The last internal image transfer interface is Embedded DisplayPort (eDP). We call it the new LVDS, because many new industrial displays are equipped with the eDP. If you go through industrial manufacturers of TFT LCD displays, you will notice increasing number of models available with the eDP. eDP is also a native interface in new Intel or AMD based processors.

Key Takeaway: With the embedded DisplayPort as a native display interface you can cut down costs, because you do not need anything extra to connect a display to the processor.

Now, with the processors on the market, we need displays with embedded DisplayPort. Many laptops or monitors already use embedded DisplayPort as an internal interface instead of LVDS. LVDS still is the most popular industrial LCD display interface. All the internal image transfer interfaces like MIPI, Vx1 and eDP are variations of LVDS, where the protocols and the signals are a little bit different. For example, for eDP we can have lower noise and reduced power consumption. All of them have advantages over regular LVDS, but they are all LVDS type.

Now, let’s take a closer look at external interfaces. Those are the ones that we usually have direct access to. It can be TV or monitor connected to your computer with the HDMI . It can be a DVI usually used for monitors. Or VGA which is an outdated image interface for monitors.  The DisplayPort that is a HDMI successor. Finally, an universal USB-C, the most common interface nowadays used to connect devices.

Let us start with USB-C, the most universal interface . It is one of the best interfaces that we have ever designed, because it is really fast and also very universal. It not only transfers data, not only it is fast enough to transfer image, but it can also transmit a lot of power.

USB-C transmits up to 100 watt of power, because you can increase voltage and current. In a regular USB it is usually 5 volt and 0.5 or 1.0 amp, so only a couple watts. In USB-C you increase the voltage up to 20 volt and with the 5 amp current, so in total it’s even 100 watt of power.  This interface is made not only for data, but for real power transfer. Through USB-C you can charge your phone and your laptop. If you buy a new laptop right now, you may even not get a regular power connector, but only an USB-C. The USB-C is a very smart interface. If you connect the devices, they can negotiate with each other which one has more power. For example, if we connect a charger to a laptop, the charger has more power and will charge the laptop, but if you connect the laptop with the same interface to your mobile phone, then they will discuss the power levels, and of course the laptop will be charging the phone. You can already find monitors on the market that have USB-C instead of HDMI. Those monitors can be powered from your computer and need only one USB cable, both for image transfer and power.  For sure the future belongs to USB-C implementations.

Let’s move on to image transfer interfaces. The most common one is HDMI – High-Definition Multimedia Interface. M stands for Multimedia, because it transfers image with sound. If you connect your computer to your TV set with HDMI, you will need one cable for both the video and the audio. There are variations of HDMI connectors:

The next one is DVI – Digital Visual Interface. The first DVI was not a multimedia interface, because it did not have audio data transfer. Nowadays, there are some variations that can transfer audio, but it is non-standard. We can assume DVI is rather for image transfer. It is a digital interface, similar in signals to HDMI. The latest variation is DVI-I, where I stands for integrated interface. It can have a digital and analog part for VGA compatibility. In the picture above there is a DVI-D, digital only, where we do not have the pins for analog VGA interface. Analog VGA is sometimes available in your desktop computer, but not in laptops anymore.

The oldest video interface still in use  is the VGA – Video Graphic Array interface. It becomes less and less popular. This is an analog interface, not a digital one like all the other abovementioned interfaces. Analog interface means that we do not transmit the bits, but we send the voltages values. The analog signals are not stable, they are quite easy to disturb, so the transfer cannot be very high in speed and volume

The last external interface that we can find in our devices nowadays is a DisplayPort. DisplayPort is similar to HDMI or DVI. It can also transfer image and sound. It is even faster than the HDMI. Usually, the DisplayPort is used for high resolution displays, for new monitors and TVs with 4K or 8K resolution where it is really hard, or nearly impossible, to achieve such resolution using HDMI interface.